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Human Conditions

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World Life Expectancy Map





Access to Safe Water Map


"More than five million people, most of them children, die every year from illnesses caused by drinking poor quality water." b

Percentage of Population Without Reasonable Access to Safe Drinking Water


Reasonable access to safe drinking water is defined as the availability of at least 20 litres per person per day from an improved source within 1 kilometer of the user's dwelling.

"90% of the developing world's waste
water is still discharged untreated
into local rivers and streams." b



2 billion people have no access to electricity at all.a

"3 billion people worldwide rely on biomass fuels and coal for cooking and heating." Biomass: organic non-fossil material. Plants and animals are biomass, as are animal droppings and wood. "Biomass accounts for 80% of all household consumption in developing countries. 800 million people depend on biomass as their source of fuel." a



Food Distribution Maps



Percentage of population that is undernourished

Daily grams of protein per person

Daily calories per person

Daily grams of fat per person





Harvard School of Health - adults need a minimum of 1 gram of protein / kilogram of body weight; an adult weighing 68 kilos (150 lbs) needs a minimum of 68 grams of protein / day. 6 oz. of fish = 41.2 grams of protein, 1 cup of milk = 8 grams protein.

"Over 852 million people throughout the world do not have enough food to meet their basic nutritional needs." c

"as many as a third of the world's people do not meet their physical and intellectual potential because of vitamin and mineral deficiencies." c

"Armed conflicts are now the leading cause of world hunger with HIV/AIDS and climate change not far behind." d


Percentage of Children Under the Age of Five Suffering From Stunting


Stunting does not come easy - it takes time. It means a child has endured painful illness, hunger, inadequate care. Many do not survive. Many who do have deficits in mental capacity along with losses in stature. Typically, its effects become permanent.

Stunting also occurs because the mother was poorly nourished or because she herself was stunted. This vicious cycle is a result of poverty, a lack of clean water supply...or a long distance between home and health clinic.

In the developing world, 39% of children under five are stunted ó around 209 million children.


Human Development Index (HDI) and Recent Colonial Control


Norway's HDI rank is 1; Canada- 4; United States- 8; Japan- 9; Chile- 43; China- 94; Sierra Leone- 177.

The "HDI" ranks the relative "development" of the world's countries based on three indicators: longevity, as measured by life expectancy at birth; educational attainment, measured by a combination of adult literacy rate (two thirds weight) and combined gross primary, secondary and tertiary enrolment in schools (one third weight); and standard of living, as measured by GDP per capita - PPP (purchasing power parity) US$.


"20,000 species are used in traditional medicine, which forms the basis of primary health care for about 80% of the 3 billion people in developing countries" 1


Indigenous Language / Cultural Extinctions


60 - 70% of the world's 6,000 languages are endangered and have no children speakers.1 Up to 95% may be extinct within 100 years.2 the extinction rate of languages, and often the people who speak them, is astounding. language and cultural diversity is often matched by regional biodiversity - suggesting that both language and nature are a single system of diversity. "first world" societies are replacing ancient linguistic cultural diversity with vast "mono-languages." 0.2% of all existing languages are spoken by over 50% of humanity, inhabiting upwards of 85% of the land surface of the globe. these same languages are of the cultures primarily responsible for the global extinction crisis.3


AIDS


Percentage of population aged 15 - 49 living wth HIV
(does not include 2.2 million children under 15 living with HIV)


"In sub-Saharan Africa an estimated 25 million people are infected with HIV ó almost 2/3 of all people living with HIV. [In 2004] 2.2 million died (75% of the 3 million deaths globally)." - UNAIDS

"The number of people living with HIV in East Asia rose by almost 50% between 2002 and 2004, an increase that is attributable largely to China's swiftly growing epidemic." - UNAIDS








Cigarette Production & Consumption






Soil Degradation


About 2 billion hectares of soil, equivalent to 15 per cent of the Earth's land area (an area larger
than the United States and Mexico combined), have been degraded through human activities.1

"Over the past 40 years, approximately 30% of the world's cropland has become unproductive."2

Human Population


"The collapse of the first civilization on earth, the summerian, affected only a half a million.
The fall of rome affected tens of millions. If ours were to fail... it would bring catastrophe on billions." 1

Directly or indirectly, the human species already captures nearly 40% of the total biological productivity on land and 70% of the productivity of the marine environment - the "net primary productivity" of the planet - for its exclusive use. The rate of increase in human use is about 2% per year." 2

The biotic crisis - as a direct result of industrial civilization's disruptive impact, planet earth has begun the 6th great biological extinction period in its entire 4.5 billion year history. During previous extinction events biodiversity was reduced by up to 70-90%. After past events, recovery took roughly 5 million years. However, the current depletion of biological diversity and in particular the prospect of severe depletion if not virtual elimination of tropical forests, wetlands, estuaries and coral reefs that have been the "engines of biodiversity" for hundreds of millions of years, may have profound effects on the evolutionary processes that have previously fostered rediversification. Even our largest protected areas will be far too small for the further speciation of large vertebrates. On the time scale of the human species, environmental disruption (or at least aspects of it) is permanent. 3


World Population Density


The world's rural population has reached its peak and the world's urban slums
(with 1 billion people and 32% of the global urban population) will absorb almost all further
population growth - likely 1 billion more slum dwellers within 30 years. 1

"The average size of the world's 100 largest cities grew from around 0.2 million in 1800
to 0.7 million in 1900 to 6.2 million in 2000." 2


Sources


Base maps courtesy of ESRI http://www.esri.com/

Safe Drinking Water Map Source:
UNDP, "Human Development Report 2004", Tables 7, 33, www.undp.org;
UNICEF, "State of the World's Children 2004", Table 3, www.unicef.org/sowc04/

Text Sources: a. UN World Water Development, www.unesco.org/water/wwap/wwdr/index.shtml
b."Blue Gold", 2001, Maude Barlow, www.canadians.org;
c. UN FAO Committee on World Food Security, May 2005; www.fao.org/docrep/meeting/009/J4968e/j4968e00.htm
d. UN FAO, www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2005/102562/

Food Distribution:
United Nations Development Program, "Human Development Reports 2000, Table 13, and 2004", Tables 7, 33, www.undp.org

Stunting:
UNICEF, "The Progress of Nations 2000" ,www.unicef.org/pon00/leaguetos1.htm;
UNICEF, "State of the World's Children 2004", Table 2, www.unicef.org/sowc04/

Indigenous Language / Cultural Extinctions:
1. UNESCO/CIPSH, http://www.native-net.org/archive/ng/93/0141.html
2. "The Conservation of Endangered Languages", Univ. of Bristol, http://www.bris.ac.uk/Depts/Philosophy/CTLL/report.txt (page no longer available)
3. "A House on Fire: Connecting the Biological and Linguistic Diversity Crises", K. Suckling, www.animana.org/tab2/23suckling-ahouseonfire.shtml (page no longer available)

Life Expectancy Map Source:
UN Human Development Report 2004. Table #1, www.undp.org
Text: 1. "A Framework for Action on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Management, www.johannesburgsummit.org/html/documents/wehab_papers.html

AIDS Map Source:
UNAIDS Epidemic Update, Dec. 2004, www.unaids.org/wad2004/report_pdf.html
UN Human Development Report 2004, Table 8, www.hdr.undp.org/2004;
CIA World Factbook 2004, www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook;


Soil Degradation Map Source:
UN GLASOD: 1990 Global Assessment of Human Induced Soil Degradation, http://www.isric.org/UK/About+ISRIC/Projects/Track+Record/GLASOD.htm
Text:
1. UN Global Environment Outlook
3, www.grida.no/geo/geo3/english/141.htm
2. "Soil as an Endangered Ecosystem", David Pimental, Bioscience; Nov 2000

Human Population:
Text Sources:
1. A Short History of Progress, Ronald Wright, House of Anansi, 2004
2. Environmental Research Foundation, www.ejnet.org/rachel/rhwn256.htm
3. The Biotic Crisis and the Future of Evolution, PNAS - www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/98/10/5389

World Population Density Map Source:
Center for International Earth Science Information Network, Columbia University, "Grided Population of the World"
Text: 1.The Challenge of Slums - UN-HABITAT's Global Report on Human Settlements, www.unchs.org

2. UN World Water Development, www.unesco.org/water/wwap/facts_figures/water_industry.shtml

Biodiversity:
http://news-service.stanford.edu/news/1997/october29/population.html; What We Must Do to Counter the Biotic Holocaust, Myers, www.nwf.org/internationalwildlife/1998/holocaus.html